Today, the social, economic, cultural, ethical, and political climate has given rise to an international movement which is re-evaluating the importance of patients' rights. In Turkey, as competition continues to increase between public and private hospitals, the emphasis on presenting health care services in the most advantageous way has become a focal point of debate. As a result, patients' rights issues are being actively discussed in both the private and public health care sectors in the country. In this study, the development of patients' rights issues in Turkey is reviewed and the results of some selected descriptive studies are summarized. Suggestions are made toward policies for effective and efficient health care provision in terms of both broad and specific issues which have arisen in the field of patients' rights.