The Effect of Microneedle Thickness on Pain During Minimally Invasive Facial Procedures: A Clinical Study


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Sezgin B., Ozel B., Bulam H., Guney K., TUNCER S., Cenetoglu S.

AESTHETIC SURGERY JOURNAL, vol.34, no.5, pp.757-765, 2014 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 34 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/1090820x14532941
  • Journal Name: AESTHETIC SURGERY JOURNAL
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.757-765
  • Keywords: botulinum toxin A, bruising, microneedle thickness, minimally invasive procedures, pain, DOUBLE-BLIND, INJECTIONS, INSERTION, NEEDLES, TRIAL, EMLA, SKIN, FEAR

Abstract

Background: Minimally invasive procedures are becoming increasingly popular because they require minimal downtime and are effective for achieving a more youthful appearance. The choice of needle for minimally invasive procedures can be a major factor in the patient's comfort level, which in turn affects the physician's comfort level.