Moldings on Facades until the End of the Classic Period in Ottoman Architecture


Esirgen S., Aydın Ö.

Gazi University Journal of Science Part B: Art Humanities Design and Planning , vol.10, no.2, pp.219-234, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

Abstract

The current study focuses on the moldings, which is one of the elements in the building surfaces, and aims to reach the reflections of the unwritten principles of the Ottoman architecture in the process of its classicization. For this purpose, 15 buildings are discussed within the scope of the study, which have the potential to contain the aesthetic values of their respective erection times spanning from the foundational period to the classical period as the Ottoman architecture started to craft its originality and authenticity. These 15 buildings constitute focused examples from the surfaces of the mosques as the platforms where the stylistic transitions can be read most easily. They were built by the Ottoman dynasty in capitals such as Iznik, Bursa, Edirne and Istanbul signifying important threshold points. Furthermore, the moldings on the mosque walls were analyzed with analytical methods. The transformation of moldings into an important means of expression in the classical period and especially in Sinan’s buildings, and the process that prepared the powerful role it acquired on the periphery have been pursued from the early period examples. Studies on the sample group have provided inferences about the functions, relationships and behavior patterns of the moldings, and have shown that molding configurations are based on a series of relationships, functional data and principles rather than a number of mere coincidences