Effects of seasonal variation and maternal clothing style on vitamin D levels of mothers and their infants

Cuhaci-Cakir B., Demirel F.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS, vol.56, no.5, pp.475-481, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 56 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.475-481
  • Keywords: clothing, infant, mother, seasonal variation, vitamin D deficiency, D DEFICIENCY, D SUPPLEMENTATION, PREVENTION, EXPOSURE, CHILDREN, RICKETS
  • Gazi University Affiliated: No


In Turkey, vitamin D deficiency has been seen in children as well as in their mothers. We assessed the vitamin D status of 83 infants and their mothers, categorized into four groups according to season and mothers' clothing style. We measured serum levels of 25-hydroxy vitamin D, calcium, inorganic phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase in each mother-infant pair. In the summer, the rate of vitamin D deficiency was higher in mothers who wore clothing that covered nearly all of the body (55%) than in mothers whose clothing covered less of the body (13.6%) (p= 0.016). In the winter, nearly half of both groups of mothers had vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency, and there were no significant differences based on their clothing style (p> 0.05). In all groups of infants, vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency rates were found to be very low. It seems that 400 IU/daily vitamin D intake is adequate for infants in Turkey; for mothers, we propose vitamin D supplementation during the pregnancy and lactation period.