Geo-climate effects on asthma and allergic diseases in adults in Turkey: results of PARFAIT study


METİNTAŞ S., KURT E.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RESEARCH, cilt.20, sa.3, ss.189-199, 2010 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 20 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2010
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/09603120903456828
  • Dergi Adı: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RESEARCH
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.189-199

Özet

The aim of the study was to evaluate the role of geo-climatic factors on the prevalence of allergic diseases in the adult population in Turkey. A total of 25,843 questionnaires using data from parents of 25,843 primary schoolchildren from 14 cities were evaluated. Mean annual temperature was significantly associated with the prevalence of asthma and wheezing in both sexes [respectively; OR: 1.008 (95% CI: 1.003-1.011) and OR: 1.012 (1.006-1.018 in males), OR: 1.007 (1.003-1.012) and OR: 1.01 (1.002-1.018) in females]. In addition, it was associated with eczema in females [OR: 1.007 (1.001-1.012)]. Asthma in females was associated with mean annual humidity in the air [OR: 1.001 (1.000-1.002)]. Annual number of days with snow is associated with wheezing in both sexes [respectively, OR: 1.001 (1.000-1.002) in males and OR: 1.002 (1.000-1.003) in females]. Protective measures could come into priority in certain areas of the country. Allergic diseases may increase as a cause of climate change in the future.