Effect of Platelet-Rich Plasma on the Outcome of Early Loaded Dental Implants: A 3-Year Follow-up Study


ERGÜN G. , EĞİLMEZ F. , Cekic-Nagas S., KARACA İ. R. , Bozkaya S.

JOURNAL OF ORAL IMPLANTOLOGY, vol.39, pp.256-263, 2013 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 39
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1563/aaid-joi-d-11-00151
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF ORAL IMPLANTOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.256-263

Abstract

This study evaluated the effect of local application of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on the outcome of early loaded implants. Two implants were placed in the posterior region or bilaterally symmetric to the median line of the maxilla. Then, PRP was either applied or not applied to the implant sockets. Outcome measures were prosthesis and implant success as well as biological and prosthetic complications. Stability of individual implants was assessed manually and with a resonance frequency analysis device. The implant stability quotient (ISQ) was recorded on the operation day, on postoperative day 4, and at postoperative week 1. At the end of the first postoperative week, implants with ISQ values >60 were early loaded on day 7 with metal-ceramic crowns. Measurements were repeated at postoperative weeks 2, 3, and 4 and at postoperative months 6, 12, 24, and 36. One of the 64 implants was dropped out after 3 months of loading. No prosthesis failed. There were no prosthetic complications. Statistical analysis revealed significant differences between ISQ values of PRP and non-PRP implants on the operation day. Moreover, no statistically significant differences were found between ISQ values of PRP and non-PRP implants in the follow-up periods (P > .05). No appreciable clinical effect was observed when using PRP in the maxilla.