High glucose causes vascular dysfunction through Akt/eNOS pathway: reciprocal modulation by juglone and resveratrol


Pektas M. B. , Turan O., Bingol G. O. , Sumlu E., Sadi G., AKAR F.

CANADIAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY, vol.96, no.8, pp.757-764, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 96 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1139/cjpp-2017-0639
  • Journal Name: CANADIAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.757-764
  • Keywords: high glucose, vascular function, Akt/eNOS pathway, juglone, resveratrol, INTERNAL MAMMARY ARTERY, PROLYL-ISOMERASE PIN1, NITRIC-OXIDE SYNTHASE, INDUCED DIABETIC-RATS, ENDOTHELIAL DYSFUNCTION, OXIDATIVE STRESS, PHOSPHOINOSITIDE 3-KINASE, INSULIN-RESISTANCE, IN-VITRO, HYPERGLYCEMIA
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Transient elevations in blood glucose level may lead to changes in vascular function. Herein, we investigated the effects of high-glucose or high-fructose challenge, as well as potential influence of juglone or resveratrol on vascular reactivity, Akt/eNOS, and insulin signaling effectors in rat aorta. Aortic segments of rats were incubated with high glucose (30 mmol/L) or high fructose (2 mmol/L) in the absence and presence of juglone (5 mu mol/L) or resveratrol (10 mol/L). Acute high-glucose incubation markedly decreased acetylcholine-induced relaxation, which is further inhibited by juglone, but ameliorated by resveratrol. Incubation with high glucose caused significant reduction in pAkt/total Akt and peNOS/total eNOS ratios, as well as in the expression of some genes involved in insulin signaling. Juglone produced a further impairment, whereas resveratrol resulted in an improvement on the expression profiles of these proteins and genes. Acute exposure of aortic segments to high glucose causes a reduction in acetylcholine-induced relaxation in association with suppression of Akt/eNOS pathway, as well as several genes in insulin signaling pathway. Juglone and resveratrol have opposite actions on vascular relaxation and the above signaling targets. These findings could be relevant for the treatment of hyperglycemia-induced vascular complications.