3E Analysis of the Effect of Different Type of Fans on Cooling Performance Applied to an Industrial Deep Freezer

OCAK C., Erten S., İşgen F., Arslan E., Koşan M., Demirci E., ...More

Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi, vol.9, no.5, pp.1621-1637, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier


In this study, two different industrial refrigerators were designed, manufactured and tested to analyze the impact of different types of fans (Type 1 and Type 2) used in industrial cooling systems on the performance of the cooling system. In order to test the fan performance and airflow effects, two axial fan configurations with different structures and different motor technology (EC and shaded-pole induction) were tested in two separate industrial refrigerator test rooms in accordance with TS EN ISO 23953-2 standards. R290 (Propane) was used as a refrigerant in the systems. The average temperature and relative humidity values of the environment where the experiment was conducted were measured as 25 °C and 60 % (Class 3), respectively. During the experiments, the total of 51.71 kWh energy was consumed in system 1, while the total of 54.22 kWh energy was consumed in system 2 and the difference between the energy consumption of the two systems was calculated as 4.85%. The average temperatures of the inlet and outlet of the evaporator of the system 1 and 2 were -21.57 °C, -18.97 °C and -23.43 °C, -20.94 °C, respectively. The average refrigerant temperatures for the system 1 and 2 were calculated as -24.65 °C, -26.44 °C, respectively. While the average coefficient of performance value of the type 1 system was 1.74, it was calculated as 1.54 for the type 2 cooling system. The average second-law efficiencies for the two cooling systems were calculated as 30.85 % and 29.81 %, respectively. In addition, the environmental economy analysis was carried out using the amount of CO2 that was prevented from emitting and the CO2 emission price calculated accordingly.