An application of artificial intelligence for rainfall-runoff modeling

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Aytek A., Asce M., Alp M.

JOURNAL OF EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE, vol.117, no.2, pp.145-155, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 117 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12040-008-0005-2
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.145-155
  • Keywords: artificial intelligence, artificial neural networks, evolutionary computation, genetic programming, gene expression programming, rainfall, runoff, GENETIC PROGRAMMING APPROACH, NEURAL-NETWORK, ANN
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


This study proposes an application of two techniques of artificial intelligence (AI) for rainfall-runoff modeling: the artificial neural networks (ANN) and the evolutionary computation (EC). Two different ANN techniques, the feed forward back propagation (FFBP) and generalized regression neural network (GRNN) methods are compared with one EC method, Gene Expression Programming (GEP) which is a new evolutionary algorithm that evolves computer programs. The daily hydrometeorological data of three rainfall stations and one streamflow station for Juniata River Basin in Pennsylvania state of USA are taken into consideration in the model development. Statistical parameters such as average, standard deviation, coefficient of variation, skewness, minimum and maximum values, as well as criteria such as mean square error (MSE) and determination coefficient (R-2) are used to measure the performance of the models. The results indicate that the proposed, genetic programming (GP) formulation performs quite well compared to results obtained by ANNs and is quite practical for use. It is concluded from the results that GEP can be proposed as an alternative to ANN models.