Development of a membrane-controlled transdermal therapeutic system containing isosorbide dinitrate

Ocak F., Agabeyoglu I.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICS, vol.180, no.2, pp.177-183, 1999 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


The formulation of a transdermal delivery system for isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) was examined. It was found that the target release rate should be 4.01 mg/h per 20 cm(2) for optimal dosing. In order to reach such this zero order release rate, a membrane permeation controlled transdermal therapeutic system (TTS) formulation was developed, with ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer (EVAC) and polyethylene (PE) membranes as rate controlling membranes; a carbomer gel was used as the drug reservoir. The release of ISDN from this drug delivery device was studied in vitro using FDA recommended method. PIE adhesive on the EVAC or PE membrane caused a decreased flux of ISDN; the release kinetics fitted Higuchi matrix kinetics. TTS with EVAC membrane release ISDN at a rate much lower than the calculated target release rate, but with PE membranes, the release rate was very close to the target. Release rate studies have revealed that, as the VA content in EVAC membrane increased, the flux of ISDN increased. All these results were compared with the commercial product Frandol(R) Tape S from Japan. It was found that the release rate of Frandol was close to target release rate and fitted matrix kinetics. These results suggested that TTS that contain PE membrane as rate controlling membrane, polyisobutylene (PIB) adhesive and carbomer gel as a reservoir can be applicable as a TFTS for ISDN. (C) 1999 Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.