© 2020 National Kidney Foundation, Inc.Objective: We aimed to evaluate the agreement between the resting energy expenditure (REE) obtained by indirect calorimetry and eight prediction equations in adult patients with renal transplantation and a newly developed REE prediction equation for use in patients with renal transplantation in the clinic. Methods: A total of 51 patients (30 males and 21 females) were involved in the study. The REE was measured by indirect calorimetry and compared with the previous prediction equations. The agreement was assessed by the interclass correlation coefficient and by Bland-Altman plot analysis. Results: No significant difference was found in terms of age and body mass index between the genders. Differences between the predicted and measured REEs were maximum in the Bernstein equation (−478 kcal) and minimum in the Cunningham equation (−69 kcal). It was found that underprediction values varied from 27.5% (chronic kidney disease equation) to 98.0% (Bernstein equation). The highest overprediction value was found in the Schofield equation (17.7%). The Cunningham equation and the new equation had the lowest root mean square error (265 kcal/day). In this study, fat-free mass (FFM) was found to be the most significant variable in multiple regression analysis (r2: 0.55). The new specific equation based on FFM was generated as 424.2 + 24.7∗FFM (kg). Besides that, it was found that the new equation and Cunningham equation were distributed randomly according to Bland-Altman analysis. A supplementary new equation based on available anthropometric measurements was developed as −1996.8 + 19.1∗height (cm) + 7.2∗body weight (kg). Conclusion: This study showed that most of the predictive equations significantly underestimated REE. In patients with renal transplantation, if the REE is not measurable by indirect calorimetry, the use of the proposed equations will be more accurate.