In the present study, seroprevalance of maedi-visna in sheep in the region of Van was aimed to investigate. A total of 465 serum samples obtained from sheep raised in Van and its towns were investigated with regard to maedi-visna specific antibody using ELISA procedure. Out of 465 samples 30 of them were seropositive (6.45%) and 20 of them were doubtful (4.30%) according to test procedure. Histopathology was also applied to some of these sheep which slaughtered in an abattoir after blood sampling. According to histopathological analysis 9 doubtful samples were also found to be positive. But, due to mild lymphoproliferation in there samples ELISA gave doubtful results. As a result with this study, seroprevalance of maedi-visna was determined in the region of Van and in the doubtful cases histopathological assessments believed to strengthen serological findings.