First principle and tight-binding study of strained SnC

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Mogulkoc Y., Modarresi M., Mogulkoc A., Ciftci Y., Alkan B.

JOURNAL OF PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF SOLIDS, vol.111, pp.458-463, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


We study the electronic and optical properties of strained single-layer SnC in the density functional theory (DFT) and tight-binding models. We extract the hopping parameters tight-binding Hamiltonian for monolayer SnC by considering the DFT results as a reference point. We also examine the phonon spectra in the scheme of DFT, and analyze the bonding character by using Mulliken bond population. Moreover, we show that the band gap modulation and transition from indirect to direct band gap in the compressive strained SnC. The applied tensile strain reduces the band gap and eventually the semiconductor to semimetal transition occurs for 7.5% of tensile strain. In the framework of tight-binding model, the effect of spin-orbit coupling on energy spectrum are also discussed. We indicate that while tensile strain closes the band gap, spin-orbit gap is still present which is order of similar to 40 meV at the Gamma point. The substrate effect is modeled through a staggered sub -lattice potential in the tight-binding approximation. The optical properties of pristine and strained SnC are also examined in the DFT scheme. We present the modulation of real and imaginary parts of dielectric function under applied strain.