Reading Nabi's "Divan" And "Hayriyye" In The Light Of Occultism

Yildiz A.

MILLI FOLKLOR, no.95, pp.63-71, 2012 (AHCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Journal Name: MILLI FOLKLOR
  • Journal Indexes: Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.63-71
  • Gazi University Affiliated: No


Mystic sciences or occultism means communicating the universe and creatures in the universe by supernatural methods and all the methods used for Intervening in them. The content of this concept is very large involving astrology tstral travel, magic, sorcery, prophecy, fortune telling, mediumship, alchemy, amulet, lucid dream, numerology, physiognomy and melheme. These systems which date back to ancient exist both in primitive and modern societies. They kept an important place in the life and behaviors of people. Secret sciences have always preserved their existence despite their different form in different societies and the prohibitions of divine religions or earthly laws could not remove These systems whose existence has been known in every society since ancient ages have appeared in these lands thanks to pre-Islamic beliefs and traditions and contacts with neighbor cultures. Therefore, the quests for fortune-telling, magic spell, sorcery and oracle were observed in Ottoman society and they were perceived as "science", and were called as ilm-i ahkam nucum, ilm-i rend, ilm-i zayirec, ilm-i simya. Nabi is considered to be the biggest poet of hikemi poetry who lived in the second half of the 17th century. How he addressed occultism in his works titled Divan and Hayriyye (Hayri-name) and his point of view about occultism will be evaluated in this article. The study is limited to fortune telling, geomancy, alchemy, evil eye, astrology, dream interpretation and lucid dream as addressed in Nabi's Divan and Hayriyye.