Eco-Methodology for Urban and Transport Planning for the Future Eco-Technology


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Knoflacher H., ÖCALIR AKÜNAL E. V.

GREEN AND ECOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGIES FOR URBAN PLANNING: CREATING SMART CITIES, pp.154-173, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

Abstract

This study gives the reasons and basics of a new approach which adopts eco-technologies to urban and transport planning. In this chapter, in the case of urban and transport planning, based on research findings about human behaviour in the artificial and technical modified environment, the discrepancy between assumptions and real system behaviour is demonstrated. This gives the framework not only to improve urban structures and the transport system, but also to select (eco) technologies which are needed to solve existing problems and to develop agreeable technologies for the future. The study criticizes the use of technology in creating vulnerable urban structures instead of sustainable ones focusing mostly on the last 150 years, when the availability of cheap fossil fuels for use of new transport modes and for heating and cooling has changed urban life. The resulting part is the introduction of a new methodology which uses eco technologies in urban and transport planning with some success stories.