Frontal sinus: is it a predictor for vertical malocclusions?

Metin-Gursoy G., AKAY G. , BALOŞ TUNCER B.

ANATOMICAL SCIENCE INTERNATIONAL, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier


The aim of the present study was to evaluate 3D frontal sinus morphology in consideration with different vertical facial developments. The study was conducted with the pre-treatment CBCT images of 87 patients, who were divided into 3 groups according to the sum of the posterior angle. The frontal sinus measurements were performed on the axial, sagittal, and coronal sections of the CBCT images. Craniofacial measurements were performed on the lateral cephalograms, obtained from the CBCT scans. Normal distribution of the data was confirmed by the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. ANOVA, followed by post hoc Duncan tests, was used to compare the differences among the three groups. The relationships between sinus dimensions and craniofacial parameters were assessed by the Pearson's correlation coefficient (P < 0.05). The maximum anterior-posterior dimension of the frontal sinuses (0.017), the width of the right (0.020) and left (0.041) frontal sinuses, and the anterior-posterior dimension of the left (0.038) frontal sinus were significantly smaller in the hyperdivergent group compared to hypodivergent group. There was no significant difference between groups in terms of the height of the frontal sinuses. Significant correlation was noted between the maximum anterior-posterior dimension of the frontal sinus and SN-PP, N-Me, N-ANS, SN-GoGn, Post. sum, and Jarabak's ratio. No significant correlation between the height of the frontal sinuses and the craniofacial measurements was found. Individuals with vertical growth pattern presented decreased anterior-posterior dimension of the frontal sinuses, revealing significant correlations with vertical craniofacial parameters.