UCS Properties of Superfine Cement-Grouted Sand


Avci E., MOLLAMAHMUTOĞLU M.

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING, vol.28, no.12, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1061/(asce)mt.1943-5533.0001659
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF MATERIALS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

Abstract

This research focused on the strength characteristics of superfine cement-grouted sand with various gradations and relative densities. At first, grout properties of superfine cement suspensions were studied. The sedimentation and the setting time increased but the viscosity decreased as the water-cement (W/C) ratio increased. Additionally, the groutability of superfine cement suspensions with different W/C ratios into various graded sand specimens having different relative densities was tried. The groutability of suspensions especially into the fine sand specimens was successful with certain W/C ratios and increased as the W/C ratio increased but decreased as the relative density increased. Grouted sand samples remained in tanks filled with water at a temperature of 20 degrees C until testing time and subjected to unconfined compressive strength (UCS) tests at different time intervals. The UCS of grouted sand specimens decreased as the W/C ratio increased, but it increased as the relative density increased. The UCS of grouted fine sand was greater than that of medium sand. Furthermore, the UCS of grouted samples increased with time.