The Xylomya species found in Turkey are summarized and illustrated in this work. Xylomya ciscaucasica (Pleske 1928) and Xylomya mlokosiewiczi (Pleske 1925), previously only known from the Caucasus, are recorded from Turkey for the first time in this study. The male genitalia of X. ciscaucasica and the female genitalia of X. mlokosiewiczi and X. maculata (Meigen 1804) are illustrated for first time. The distribution of these species is briefly discussed and a key to Turkish species is given. Also a key to Turkish genera of Xylomyidae is given.