Water-distilled essential oils from the aerial parts of two endemic varieties of Salvia aucheri from Turkey were analyzed by GC/MS. Eighty components were characterized in the Salvia aucheri var. aucheri oil, with camphor (21.1%), 1,8-cineole (20.3%), borneol (7.8%), spathulenol (6.3%) and camphene (5.3%) as major constituents. 1,8-Cineole (25.2%), camphor (17.9%), borneol (10.6%), alpha-pinene (5.4%) and camphene (5.3%) were identified as major constituents among the 88 components characterized in the oil of Salvia aucheri var. canescens.