900 MHz pulse-modulated radiofrequency radiation induces oxidative stress on heart, lung, testis and liver tissues


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Eşmekaya M. A. , Özer Ç. , Seyhan N.

GENERAL PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOPHYSICS, vol.30, pp.84-89, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.4149/gpb_2011_01_84
  • Title of Journal : GENERAL PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOPHYSICS
  • Page Numbers: pp.84-89
  • Keywords: Radiofrequency radiation, Oxidative stress, Malondialdehyde, Glutathione, Nitric oxide, NITRIC-OXIDE, LIPID-PEROXIDATION, SPERM MOTILITY, PEROXYNITRITE, INFERTILITY, CHEMISTRY, PHONES, DAMAGE, SEMEN, MEN

Abstract

Oxidative stress may affect many cellular and physiological processes including gene expression, cell growth, and cell death. In the recent study, we aimed to investigate whether 900 MHz pulse-modulated radiofrequency (RF) fields induce oxidative damage on lung, heart and liver tissues. We assessed oxidative damage by investigating lipid peroxidation (malondialdehyde, MDA), nitric oxide (NO) and glutathione (GSH) levels which are the indicators of tissue toxicity. A total of 30 male Wistar albino rats were used in this study. Rats were divided randomly into three groups; control group (n = 10), sham group (device off, n = 10) and 900 MHz pulsed-modulated RF radiation group (n = 10). The RF rats were exposed to 900 MHz pulsed modulated RF radiation at a specific absorption rate (SAR) level of 1.20 W/kg 20 min/day for three weeks. MDA and NO levels were increased significantly in liver, lung, testis and heart tissues of the exposed group compared to sham and control groups (p < 0.05). Conversely GSH levels were significantly lower in exposed rat tissues (p < 0.05). No significantly difference was observed between sham and control groups. Results of our study showed that pulse-modulated RF radiation causes oxidative injury in liver, lung, testis and heart tissues mediated by lipid peroxidation, increased level of NO and suppression of antioxidant defense mechanism.