in: Urban and Regional Planning In Turkey , Ozdemir Sari Ö.B.,Ozdemir S.S.,Uzun C.N., Editor, Springer, London/Berlin , Zürich, pp.63-82, 2019
This chapter offers an insight to planning issues and challenges for Turkish city centers as well as, an analysis of specific features of Turkish city centers along with general characteristics of urban public policy and programs. It will discuss the impact of new consumption spaces (i.e. shopping centers) and development patterns (compactness vs. urban sprawl) on city centers; spatial problems of city centers; social segregation and inequality in city centers; and issues of accessibility in relation to major strategies of urban resilience. The goal is to uncover normative and descriptive characteristics of city centers at a multiscale level, which will be useful for investigating the theoretical and practical aspects related to city centers. This chapter will be helpful to find common ground among many countries for urban public policymaking, and hopefully, for more innovative and effective plans. Such policy programs and plans developed specifically for city centers will help preserve and prosper city center vitality in an era of complexity. This chapter explores whether there is regularity in site characteristics of city centers, which are implicit in theoretical foundations, and in probing further, to explore common planning issues and challenges that city centers are facing around the world.