PurposeContrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is one of the side effects of diagnostic procedures. Oxidative stress plays an important role in CIN's pathophysiology. Dexpanthenol (Dexp) is a substance with antioxidant efficacy. We investigated the likely protective effects of dexpanthenol for CIN.MethodsTwenty-four Sprague-Dawley rats were divided randomly into four groups of 6 rats; control (group 1), Dexp (group 2), CIN (group 3) and Dexp+CIN (group 4). All rats were restricted of water moderately to facilitate of nephrotoxicity. Dexp was administered into the intraperitoneally at a dose of 500mg/kg for 5days in groups 2 and 4. The same amount of saline was applied via intraperitoneally to group 1 and 3. In CIN and Dexp+CIN groups, L-NAME (10mg/kg), tenoxicam (0.5mg/kg) and sodium amidotrizoate (10ml/kg) were administered on the 4th day via the tail vein for CIN. All rats were euthanized on the 6th day and samples for biochemical and pathological evaluations were collected.ResultsWhen the Dexp+CIN group and the CIN group were compared, it was found to be provide a significant decline at the level of acute tubular injury and necrosis in kidney biopsies by dexp. Furthermore Dexp significantly reduced the serum cystatin C (Cys-C) levels, not serum creatinine. There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in total oxidant and antioxidant levels.ConclusionsDexpanthenol did not have significant effect on oxidative stress of acute kidney injury on this rat model. However, it has ameliorated serum Cys-C levels and histopathological findings of CIN.