Prevalence of insomnia symptoms: results from an urban district in Ankara, Turkey

Aslan S., Gulcat Z., Albayrak F., Maral I., Yetkin S., Sutcigil L., ...More

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY IN CLINICAL PRACTICE, vol.10, no.1, pp.52-58, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/13651500500410364
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.52-58
  • Keywords: insomnia symptoms, insomnia severity, sleep disorders, prevalence, GENERAL-POPULATION, MENTAL-DISORDERS, EPIDEMIOLOGY
  • Gazi University Affiliated: No


Objective. Characteristics of insomnia symptoms in Turkey are not well established. The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of insomnia and related symptoms in an urban district of Turkey. Method. The study was carried out in Ankara, in an urban district with a population of 2665. Out of the 1332 people in the sample, 1034 in the 15-65 age range were included in the study. Interviews were conducted according to the "Sleep Disorders Assessment Questionnaire'' developed by the researchers. The Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) was also given to the subjects with a sleep problem to measure the subjective quality and quantity of insomnia symptoms. Results and conclusion. A total of 29.4% of all participants reported a sleep problem, out of which 23.7% defined one or more of the insomnia symptoms which included difficulty initiating sleep (DIS), difficulty maintaining sleep (DMS), early morning awakening (EMA), non-restorative sleep (NRS) and sleep deprivation (SD). Insomnia risk was found to be significantly increased with age, female sex, smoking and chronic medical illness. A total of 75.9% of participants who reported insomnia symptoms did not seek medical help for their complaint. According to the ISI, among the subjects with insomnia symptoms, 79 (32.2%) had subthreshold insomnia, 43 (17.6%) had clinical insomnia, 12 (4.9%) had severe clinical insomnia, while 88 (35.9%) did not score in the range indicating insomnia. The findings are discussed in the light of previous research and in relation to sociocultural factors emphasizing the need for public education on sleep disorders as medical conditions.