Temperament and character dimensions of adolescents and young adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Guney E., Senses Dinc G., İŞERİ E., GÜZEL H. Ş., Yalcin O., Sener S.

ANADOLU PSIKIYATRI DERGISI-ANATOLIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY, vol.14, no.4, pp.362-368, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.5455/apd.40631
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.362-368
  • Keywords: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, temperament, character, Temperament and Characte Inventory, DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER, PERSONALITY-TRAITS, CHILDREN, ADHD, BEHAVIOR, PROFILES, COMMON, ONSET
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: Temperament and character is central to social behavioral development. It has been shown that various temperament and character dimensions are related with developmental pathologies in children and adolescents. It has been suggested that there is a complex and multi-mensional interaction between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and temperament and character. In this study it was aimed to investigate the relationship of the ADHD, a developmental psychopathology, with temperament and character properties in adolescence and young adulthood in a Turkish sample. Methods: The study included 37 adolescents and young adults of 17-22 years of age with the diagnosis of ADHD. The control group consisted of healthy individuals with no psychiatric disorder. The patients were assessed with Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) following the diagnosis-oriented interview. Results: ADHD group had significantly higher points for novelty seeking, and significantly lower points for persistence, self-directedness, cooperativeness, and self-transcendence. Harm avoidance points were not significantly different except for points for fear of uncertainty. Conclusion: The results of this study in the direction of a higher novelty seeking detected in individuals with ADHD supports the literature on adults. Lower persistence, self-directedness, and cooperativeness properties, on the other hand, are consistent with previous literature on children and adolescents. The results of this study support the notion that certain temperament and character properties interact with ADHD