On Gregorian Qypchaqs and the Turkish Twelve-Year Animal Cycle Calendar

Aynakulova G.

MILLI FOLKLOR, sa.74, ss.21-28, 2007 (AHCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: Konu: 74
  • Basım Tarihi: 2007
  • Dergi Adı: MILLI FOLKLOR
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.21-28


During the 16th and 17th century, texts written in Qypchaq language with Armenian letters were visible in the Ukrainian cities of Lvov and Kameliets-Podolsk, in Poland, Romania, Moldova, Crimea and Anatolia for one and a half century. 112 manuscripts with approximately 25-30 thousand pages in Qypchaq language and Armenian alphabet, written between 1521 and 1669, are kept in various libraries throughout the world, such as the Vienna National Library, Matenaderan Institute of Old Manuscripts, and the State Archives of Poland, as well as libraries in Austria, Holland, Italy, Romania, Russia, Ukraine and Armenia. In this article, a document (No.1232) preserved in the Matenaderan Institute of Old Manuscripts (Matenaderan-mesroph Mastots) concernig the Turkish Twelve-Year Animal Cycle Calendar and containing the Armenian translation of the animal names is examined, additionally with a comparison of other Turkish Calendars like the Kirghiz and Altay one. The purpose of this paper is not to examine the Turkish Twelve-Year Animal Cycle Calendar in detail. Turkish documents written in Armenian Alphabet, Gregorian Qypchaqs and some Turkish elements in their culture, and some language explanations form the main subject of this article.