Determination of Screw Withdrawal Resistance of Some Heat-Treated Wood Species

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Percin O., YAŞAR Ş. Ş. , ALTUNOK M. , Uzun O.

DRVNA INDUSTRIJA, vol.68, no.1, pp.61-68, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 68 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.5552/drind.2017.1630
  • Title of Journal : DRVNA INDUSTRIJA
  • Page Numbers: pp.61-68


In this study, the screw withdrawal resistance of heat-treated hornbeam (Carpinus betulus L.), black pine (Pinus nigra Arnold) and Uludag fir (Abies bornmuellerinana Mattf.) was determined according to the ASTM D 1761 standard. For this purpose, wood materials were heat treated at 150, 170, 190 and 210 degrees C for 3 h. After the heat treatment, the screw withdrawal resistance of the wood was determined in radial, tangential and transverse directions. As a result, the screw withdrawal resistance values decreased with increasing heat treatment temperature and the lowest resistance was obtained in the wood heat-treated at 210 degrees C. In terms of wood species, the highest screw withdrawal resistance was found in hornbeam (Carpinus betulus L.), while the lowest value was observed in black pine (Pinus nigra Arnold). Additionally, in terms of the cross-sectional direction, the highest screw withdrawal resistance was determined in the tangential direction, while the lowest resistance value was observed in the transverse direction.