ALEVI-BEKTASHI ASCENSION DISCOURSE CONSCIOUSNESS OF HAKK'S UNITY IN SYMBOLIC REPRESENTATIONS OF CEM


Sumer D.

TURK KULTURU VE HACI BEKTAS VELI-ARASTIRMA DERGISI, no.57, pp.57-84, 2011 (Journal Indexed in AHCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: Issue: 57
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Title of Journal : TURK KULTURU VE HACI BEKTAS VELI-ARASTIRMA DERGISI
  • Page Numbers: pp.57-84

Abstract

The most important factor on which people who are defined as Alevi and Bektashi do not see each other different during the constitution of Alevi-Bektashi culture is Ascension. Ascension discourse is one of the most important glues that sticks Alevi-Bektashi community together in their distinctive culture. Set out of this togetherness, this study attempts to explain the reflection of Ascension onto Alevi and Bektashi community in the image that two communities created in their minds for centuries by the comprehension of unity of the road in doctrine by which the Alevis prefere to express as Cem and Bektash is as Ayn-ul-cem. Each doctrines have too little differences in terms of procedure and it is observed that the final destination in both doctrines are always the same: Can (life, human life) has to reach the consciousness of Hakk's (God) unity by dying before death. It is believed that Alevi-Bektashi methods on Cem worship descended from Ehlibeyt. In this regard, it was necessary to clarify the bond formed by Turks between Islam, Ehlibeyt and their relatives in the introduction before refering the twelve services and rules within Cem worship. Thus, the general context around Alevi-Bektashi concepts exhibites the deep-rooted belief of the culture in Islamic understanding. This culture tried to reach a common road which is the unity of Hakk, Muhammad and Ali, the Ehlibeyt's way. Indeed, the general context besides the perception or the opinion formed by some sectors as if there is a big difference amongst, this article aims to reflect the representations of Cem understanding which were imagined by two doctrines integrating Ascension discourse on common denominator by means of sufist expressions and meanings of Alevi-Bektashi belief [ for centuries. While trying to explore and to disclose this situation, the article sets out of the differences on Ascension discourse between Sunnite doctrine and Alevi-Bektashi doctrine and meanings within the consciousness of Hakk's unity are given by poets within the purpose of this togetherness is drawn throughout the study.