Effects of the Adverse Life Events and Disrupted in Schizophrenia-1 (DISC1) Gene Polymorphisms on Acute Symptoms of Schizophrenia


Sayin A., YÜKSEL N. , KONAÇ E. , Yilmaz A., Dogan B., Tonge S., ...More

DNA AND CELL BIOLOGY, vol.32, no.2, pp.73-80, 2013 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1089/dna.2012.1894
  • Title of Journal : DNA AND CELL BIOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.73-80

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of traumatic childhood events and recent adverse life events, as well as the Disrupted in Schizophrenia-1 (DISC1) gene polymorphisms on types of last acute symptoms of patients with schizophrenia. Hundred patients with schizophrenia were given the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, the Social Readjustment Rating Scale, Scale for Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS), Scale for Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS), Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), and Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS). The patients' and healthy controls' DISC1 gene was evaluated for the -274G>C, c.791G>A, and c. 2110A>T polymorphisms. There was no statistically significant difference with regard to the DISC1 gene polymorphisms between patient and healthy control groups. No significant relationship was found between the -274G>C, c.791G>A, and c.2110A>T haplotypes and development of different acute symptoms of schizophrenia. Having a recent stressful life event significantly affected SAPS (95% confidence interval [CI] = -67.547, -21.473; p = 0.00) and BPRS-1 scores (95% CI = -51.405, -6.885; p = 0.01), whereas emotional abuse at childhood significantly affected SANS scores (95% CI = -37.300, -10.401; p = 0.00). This study shows that features of acute symptoms in schizophrenia are not influenced by the polymorphisms on the DISC1 gene, but are influenced by recent adverse life events and emotional abuse at childhood.