Analyzing vulnerability and resilience of Turkey to climate change


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YÜKSEL Ü.

SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND ESSAYS, vol.9, no.11, pp.503-515, 2014 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.5897/sre2013.5716
  • Title of Journal : SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND ESSAYS
  • Page Numbers: pp.503-515

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze the vulnerability and resilience of Turkey to climate change impacts. The Vulnerability Resilience Index was developed to measure Turkey's vulnerability. Adaptive/coping capacity and exposure/sensitivity sectors were generated and used to determine the vulnerability value. First, these sectors were divided into related indicators. Economy, human resources, environment, and governance indicators were used to determine adaptive/coping capacity sector value. Exposure, settlement, food, ecosystems, health, and water indicators were used to determine exposure/sensitivity sector value. Later, proxies for each indicator were established. Proxy indexes were interpreted to indicators and these indicators were connected to sectors. The overall climate change vulnerability of Turkey was constructed based on sectors' values. Results showed that economic capacity was the most vulnerable adaptive/coping capacity indicator and ecosystem sensitivity is the most vulnerable sensitivity indicator for Turkey. It has been found that Turkey's vulnerability to climate change index value was 0.363 indicating low vulnerability.