Sorption, diffusion, and pervaporation characteristics of dimethylformamide/water mixtures using sodium alginate/polyvinyl pyrrolidone blend membranes


Vacuum, cilt.82, sa.6, ss.579-587, 2008 (SCI Expanded İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 82 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2008
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.vacuum.2007.08.012
  • Dergi Adı: Vacuum
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.579-587


Separation of aqueous dimethylformamide (DMF) solutions in the concentration range of 0-100 wt% were studied using sodium alginate (NaAlg)/polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) blend membranes. The NaAlg was blended in different ratios with PVP. Prepared membranes were crosslinked with CaCl2 for testing in pervaporation (PV) separation of DMF/water mixtures. Effects of feed composition (0-100 wt%), operating temperature (30-50 °C), and membrane thickness were investigated. Best results were obtained at the conditions of 75/25 NaAlg/PVP blend ratio (w/w), 40 °C temperature, 20 wt% DMF concentration, and 70 μm membrane thickness. Blending of PVP with NaAlg increased permeation flux whereas it decreased the separation factor. NaAlg/PVP membranes gave separation factors of 5.5-27 for permeation flux of 0.96-1.81 kg/m2h depending on the operating temperature and the feed mixture composition. Arrhenius plot of permeation flux data versus reciprocal of temperature exhibited linear trends. Permeation activation energy of DMF and water in the PV was calculated as 6.76 and 1.88 kcal/mol, respectively, using an Arrhenius type relationship. Sorption-diffusion properties of the NaAlg/PVP membranes were also investigated at the operating temperature and the feed composition. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.