Reversal of deleterious effect of hypertension on the liver by inhibition of endoplasmic reticulum stress


BAL N. B. , HAN S. , KİREMİTCİ S., ULUDAĞ M. O. , DEMİREL YILMAZ E.

MOLECULAR BIOLOGY REPORTS, cilt.47, sa.3, ss.2243-2252, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 47 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s11033-020-05329-2
  • Dergi Adı: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY REPORTS
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.2243-2252

Özet

Hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Besides cardiovascular system, it could cause damage to liver. It has been shown that endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of hypertension. ERS inhibitor tauroursodeoxycholic-acid (TUDCA) has favorable effects on various pathologies including cardiovascular, metabolic and hepatic diseases. In this study, the hepatoprotective effect and mechanism of TUDCA were investigated in the deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt-induced hypertension. Male Wistar rats were used and divided into four groups: Control, DOCA, TUDCA and DOCA + TUDCA. Hypertension was induced by DOCA-salt administration for twelve weeks after the unilateral nephrectomy. TUDCA was given for the last 4 weeks. Systolic blood pressure was measured by using tail-cuff method. At the end of the treatment, liver was isolated and weighed. The expressions of various proteins and histopathological evaluation were examined in the liver. TUDCA markedly decreased systolic blood pressure in the hypertensive animals. Hypertension caused increase in the expressions of glucose-regulated protein-78 (GRP78), matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and phospho-inhibitor kappa B-alpha (p-I kappa B-alpha) and the decrease in the expression of sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase2 (SERCA2) and phospho-extracellular signal-regulated kinase (p-ERK) in the liver. Alterations in these protein expressions were not detected in the TUDCA-treated hypertensive group. Also, hepatic balloon degeneration, inflammation and fibrosis were observed in the hypertensive group. TUDCA improved inflammation and fibrosis in the hypertensive liver. Our findings indicate that the detrimental effect of DOCA-salt-induced hypertension on the liver was defended by the inhibition of ERS. Hepatic ERS and its treatment should be taken into consideration for therapeutic approaches to hypertension.