Direct and indirect methods for the determination of vitamin K(3) using differential pulse polarography and application to pharmaceuticals

Somer G., Dogan M.

BIOELECTROCHEMISTRY, vol.74, no.1, pp.96-100, 2008 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 74 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.bioelechem.2008.05.001
  • Title of Journal : BIOELECTROCHEMISTRY
  • Page Numbers: pp.96-100


Two methods for the determination of vitamin K(3) have been developed. Vitamin K(3) in its oxidized form is determined by direct and indirect methods. Its standard solution was prepared by the indirect method using Ti(III) as reducing agent. For this purpose vitamin K(3) (menadion) in a clinical injection solution, which is in its hydroquinone form in the presence of sulfite, is oxidized with oxygen. In 0.2 M HAc and 0.02 M HCl electrolyte vitamin K(3) and Ti(IV) have reduction peaks at -0.58 V at -0.82 V respectively. The reaction between Ti(III) and vitamin takes place quantitatively in a medium of 0.2 M HAc and 0.002 M HCl. After the reduction. the reaction product Ti(IV) is followed from its polarographic peak at about -0.82 V. The most important result in this work is that, with this method vitamin K(3) can be standardized and after standardization this solution can be used for the direct determination in routine analysis with a very simple and fast method, using only the peak at -0.71 V in 0.2 M HAc medium. Both direct and indirect methods have been used for the determination of Vitamin K(3) in a clinical injection solution. The limit of quantification (LOQ) was 1.5 x 10(-6) M and in both methods the detection limit found was 7 x 10(-7) M. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.