While female sexual disorders are highly prevalent in Turkey, the percentage of the women seeking help on the issue is extremely low. Hence, we believe there is a need for a simple instrument to diagnose female sexual disorders. The aim of this study was to define the validity and reliability of the Female Sexual Distress Scale-R in Turkish and to determine its cutoff point according to the Female Sexual Function Index. The scale was administered to 214 women aged 19-63 years and living in Ankara. For the reliability analysis of the scale, internal consistency, split half analyses was used. To test the validity of the scale, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used. To define the breakpoint, ROC curve analysis was used. The Cronbach alpha value of the scale is .96; the Guttman split half value is .094. For the validity study, Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin was found to be .93 and Bartlett's sphericity was chi(2) = 2440; p < 0.001. A single factor model that explains 66.78% of the total variance was obtained. The fit indexes were chi(2)/df = 2.351, RMSEA = 0.079, CFI = 0.970, IFI = 0.970, GFI = 0.923, and NFI = 0.949. The item-total correlations were defined as .621-.837. The scale has a high negative correlation with FSFI and its per sub-dimensions. In the ROC analysis, the area under the curve was defined to be .76, and the breakpoint was 7.5. The sensitivity of the scale was 71%, specificity was 70%, positive prediction power was .786, and negative prediction power was .679. It was concluded that the Turkish-language version of FSDS-R is a valid and reliable instrument in identifying female sexual disorders.