Bani M, Akın, Coşkun A, Alaçam A. Cross-Cultural Adaptation of the SOHO-5 and Impact of Caries and Trauma on the Quality of Life in Turkish Children

Bani M., Akın Y., Coşkun A., Alaçam A.

NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PRACTICE, vol.3, no.-3, pp.105-112, 2021 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 3 Issue: -3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.105-112
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of the study is to cross-culturally adapt the Scale of Oral Health Outcomes for 5- year-old children (SOHO-5) to the Turkish language and to assess the impact of dental caries and trauma on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of 5- to 6-year olds according to both self- and parental reports. The SOHO-5 was translated and adapted consistent with published standard guidelines. A total of 302 pairs of parents and children who refer to screening at the Gazi University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, completed the SOHO-5, which consists of a child self-report and a parental proxy-report version. The caries classification was made according to the decays, extraction due to caries, or fillings (dmf-t) on primary teeth. Trauma was classified into uncomplicated and complicated injuries. Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests were used to evaluate to caries and trauma according to SOHO-5 scores. The children an oral impact was mentioned 73.9% (high impact 32.8%) and parental reports was 78.8%(high impact 38.1%). The mean (standard deviation) SOHO-5 scores in child self-report and parental versions were 3.38(3.22) and 4.6(4.88), respectively. In both versions, caries was associated with worse children’s OHRQoL, for the total score and all SOHO-5 items (P < 0.001). In contrast, negative effect of trauma on children’s OHRQoL was not detected. SOHO-5 questionnaire was observed to be strong evidence for Turkish adaptation and cultural adaptation. Caries was associated with worse OHRQoL of 5- to 6-year-old children in terms of perceptions of both children and their parent, however trauma was not associated.