Distilled Water-Based AlN plus ZnO Binary Hybrid Nanofluid Utilization in a Heat Pipe and Investigation of Its Effects on Performance


INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF THERMOPHYSICS, vol.42, no.3, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10765-021-02792-2
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, DIALNET, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Binary hybrid nanofluid, Efficiency, Thermal resistance, Thermosiphon heat pipe
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


The preparation and utilization of hybrid nanofluids in thermal systems have become popular nowadays owing to their improved thermophysical properties. Although a nanofluid suspension increases the performance of the thermal system, hybrid nanofluids improve the heat transfer performance more by removing the disadvantages of each component. The aqueous hybrid nanofluids consisting of AlN and ZnO nanoparticles were prepared under various mixing rates and tested in a wickless, thermosiphon-type heat pipe under various circumstances. The effects of both unary and hybrid utilization of nanoparticles in the nanofluid preparation process were taken into consideration. The hybrid nanofluids were prepared in the mixing ratios of 25:75, 50:50, and 75:25 for AlN and ZnO nanoparticles, respectively. The experiments were run by applying 3 different heating powers to the evaporator section, and three different cooling tap water mass flow rates to the condenser section. Temperature distributions on all heat pipe sections were monitored, efficiency and thermal resistance values for each unary and hybrid nanofluids were specified. The results showed that hybrid utilization of nanoparticles enhanced heat pipe characteristics more compared to its unary counterparts. The maximum decrement of 40.79 % was obtained in thermal resistance of the heat pipe under 150 W, 6 g center dot s(-1) conditions.