Higher institutions offering undergraduate degree in design accepts whether science-based students whose qualitative and quantitative reasoning abilities are evaluated by student selection examination, or art-based students going through aptitude exams, in Turkey. The aim of the study is to investigate the differences between these two groups as science-based and art-based. Through the works done by freshman design students in basic design course, the effect of diverse backgrounds on design education is tried to be evaluated. The responses of the so called student groups are compared on the basis of creative capacity and the ability to generate new approaches to the concepts presented. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.