Hypertension, non-dipper blood pressure (BP) pattern and decrease in daily urine output have been associated with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. However, there is lack of data regarding the impact of different PD regimens on these factors. We aimed to investigate the impact of circadian rhythm of BP on LVH in end-stage renal disease patients using automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) or continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) modalities. Twenty APD (7 men, 13 women) and 28 CAPD (16 men, 12 women) patients were included into the study. 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) and transthoracic echocardiography besides routine blood examinations were performed. Two groups were compared with each other for ABPM measurements, BP loads, dipping patterns, left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and daily urine output. Mean systolic and diastolic BP measurements, BP loads, LVMI, residual renal function (RRF) and percentage of non-dippers were found to be similar for the two groups. There were positive correlations of LVMI with BP measurements and BP loads. LVMI was found to be significantly higher in diastolic non-dippers compared to dippers (140.4 +/- 35.3 vs 114.5 +/- 29.7, respectively, P = 0.02). RRF and BP were found to be independent predictors of LVMI. Non-dipping BP pattern was a frequent finding among all PD patients without an inter-group difference. Additionally, higher BP measurements, decrease in daily urine output and non-dipper diastolic BP pattern were associated with LVMI. In order to avoid LVH, besides correction of anemia and volume control, circadian BP variability and diastolic dipping should also be taken into consideration in PD patients.