In this study, the effects of cutting insert rake face forms and cutting parameters on the surface integrity in machining of AISI 316 L steel were investigated experimentally. The cutting forces occur during chip removal, surface roughness values on the machined surfaces with residual stresses on machined workpiece were measured, and metallurgical structure (microhardness and microstructural variations) of the surface layers formed as a result of machining were evaluated. The surface integrity was evaluated in terms of surface roughness, residual stress, microhardness, and microstructure analysis. In experiments, the best surface integrity results were obtained by cutting tools having QM form, and the worst surface integrity results were obtained by cutting tools having MR form. Under all these cutting conditions, it was observed that the surface integrity worsened when depth of cut and cutting feed were increased; however, the surface integrity improved when cutting speed was increased. In terms of cutting parameters, the best surface integrity was obtained with cutting speed 200 m/min, cutting feed 0.1 mm/rev, and depth of cut 1.25 mm; on the other hand, the worst surface integrity was obtained with cutting speed 125 m/min, cutting feed 0.3 mm/rev, and depth of cut 2.5 mm.