Laser cutting of triangular geometry into 2024 aluminum alloy: Influence of triangle size on thermal stress field


Yilbas B. S. , Akhtar S. S. , KELEŞ Ö., BORAN K.

JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.29, no.8, pp.3239-3248, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12206-015-0712-y
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.3239-3248
  • Keywords: Laser cutting, Triangle, Thermal stress, Aluminum, OPTIMIZATION, TIME
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Laser cutting of a triangular geometry into aluminum 2024 alloy is carried out. Thermal stress field in the cutting section is predicted using the finite element code ABAQUS. Surface temperature predictions are validated through the thermocouple data. Morphological changes in the cut section are examined incorporating optical and electron scanning microscopes. The effects of the size of the triangular geometry on thermal stress field are also examined. It is found that surface temperature predictions agree well with thermocouple data. von Mises stress remains high in the region close to the corners of the triangular geometry, which is more pronounced for the small size triangle. This behavior is associated with the occurrence of the high cooling rates in this region. Laser cut edges are free from large scale sideways burning and large size burr attachments. However, some locally scattered dross attachments are observed at the kerf exit.