Terrorism prevention in tourism destinations: Security forces vs. civil authority perspectives

Kiliclar A., Usakli A., Tayfun A.

JOURNAL OF DESTINATION MARKETING & MANAGEMENT, vol.8, pp.232-246, 2018 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jdmm.2017.04.006
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.232-246
  • Keywords: Terrorism, Anti-terrorism practices, Crisis/disaster management, Security forces, Civil authority, Turkey, IMPORTANCE-PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS, CRISIS MANAGEMENT, RISK PERCEPTIONS, ECONOMIC-CRISIS, FRAMEWORK, IMPACT, DISASTER, INDUSTRY, TRAVEL, SARS
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes


The purpose of this research was to investigate both the importance and the feasibility of practices to prevent terrorism in tourism destinations from the perspective of public authorities related to terrorism (security forces authorities) and tourism (civil authorities). A nationwide study was conducted in all 81 provinces of Turkey by surveying two different types of high-ranking public officials (the chiefs of police departments in the case of security forces authorities and the directors of culture and tourism authorities in the case of civil authorities). The study revealed six categories of terrorism prevention practices: (1) education, (2) cooperation, (3) industrial human resources, (4) physical, (5) policing, and (6) prediction. The results demonstrated differences and similarities in preventing terrorism between popular and emerging destinations. The study supports the argument that security forces and civilian authorities have different perspectives on terrorism prevention. Specifically, civilian authorities are more likely to be cooperation and education oriented, while security forces are more likely to be prediction and physical-measures oriented.