Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy as a novel tool for rapid quantification of heroin and metabolites in saliva

Creative Commons License

AKÇAN R., Yildirim M. S. , İLHAN H., Guven B., TAMER U. , SAĞLAM N.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, cilt.50, sa.5, ss.1470-1479, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 50 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.3906/sag-1912-196
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1470-1479


Background: Heroin can be detected and quantified by certain analytical methods, however, forensic professionals and criminal laboratories study for cheaper and faster detection tools. Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) rises as a possible alternative tool with its widening application spectra. There are few studies regarding Raman and SERS spectra of heroin and its metabolites, which are unfortunately controversial. In this study, we compared five different surfaces in order to find out more efficient Raman-active substrate for opiate detection and rapid quantification of heroin and its metabolites in saliva.