Bilobed flaps for nonhealing ulcer treatment

Yetkin H., KANATLI U. , Ozturk A., Ozalay M.

FOOT & ANKLE INTERNATIONAL, vol.24, no.9, pp.685-689, 2003 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2003
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/107110070302400906
  • Title of Journal : FOOT & ANKLE INTERNATIONAL
  • Page Numbers: pp.685-689


Healing of round ulcers may be difficult particularly in the plantar area. Rigidity and thickness of the plantar skin do not allow fusiform excision and primary suturing. The bilobed flap is a simple reconstructive technique principally used to repair substantial defects in the facial region. The authors' experience with this local flap in the foot is presented with good short-term results. Between 1995 and 1998, five female and seven male neuropathic foot patients with round plantar ulcers were treated with bilobed flaps. The average age of the patients was 50 (range, 15-76). The average size of the ulcers was 1.6 cm (1-3.2cm). Debridement and orthotic insoles were used at least for 3 months before considering bilobed flaps. Seven patients were diagnosed as type II diabetes mellitus, four patients had cerebral palsy, and another patient had meningomyelocele. The minimal follow-up period was 1 year (average, 19.5 months). The only complication was wound dehiscence at the lateral side of the heel in a type II diabetic. Subsequently, this complicated ulcer was managed with a sliding flap and skin graft without further problem. The study concluded that nonhealing foot ulcers can be effectively treated with a bilobed skin flap of healthy tissues rotated from nonweightbearing parts of the sole.