Bitlis, with its topographic position, of traditional dwellings of the urban image, with monumental buildings from different angles from each other, which provides a rich vista has a wealth of traditional architecture. XX. in the first quarter of the century, when it was a settlement where Armenians and Muslims live together, after the second half of the century because of internal and external migrations it is observed that the social structure of the residents of the city has changed. Migration for economic reasons began after 1960, after 1980, has continued because of terrorism occurring in the region. Bitlis traditional city texture, has had to live because of the migration of users change. The number of traditional houses in Bitlis is too much. maintaining the original city texture have survived the physical context. Experienced users change. It has not been a comprehensive study on traditional housing. these reasons, the traditional housing has led to the need to examine and evaluate the scientific sense of texture. In this study, the idea would be more successful social movement of a physical conservation, Bitlis is aimed to explain the traditional city texture. As a result of investigations in the area of traditional houses in the province of Bitlis prepared plans and facade typologies, social structure analysis was carried out at the survey. As a result, it was determined that what the impact on traditional house architecture of the changes in the social structure. Conservation of traditional city texture house were determined and made suggestions.