The goal of this study was to determine the effects of different joint angles and adhesives on diagonal tension performances of the box-type furniture made from solid wood and medium density fiberboard (MDF). After drilling joints of 75 degrees, 78 degrees, 81 degrees, 84 degrees, and 87 degrees degrees on Oriental beech, European oak, Scotch pine, and MDF samples, a diagonal tensile test was applied on corners glued with polyvinyl acetate (PVAc) and polyurethane (D-VTKA = Desmodur-Vinyl Trieketonol Acetate) according to ASTM D 1037 standard. With reference to the obtained results, the highest tensile strength was obtained in European oak with PVAc glue and joint angle of 84 degrees, while the lowest value was obtained in MDF with D-VTKA glue and joint angle of 75 degrees. Considering the interaction of wood, adhesive, and joint angle, the highest tensile strength was obtained in European oak with joint angle of 81 degrees and D-VTKA glue (1.089 N.mm(-2)), whereas the lowest tensile strength was determined in MDF with joint angle of 75 degrees and PVAc glue (0.163 N.mm(-2)). Therefore, PVAc as glue and 81 degrees as joint angle could be suggested to obtain some advantageous on the dovetail joint process for box-type furniture made from both solid wood and MDF.