Chylous ascites after a liver transplant is a rare complication of surgery. We report a 11-month-old girl with biliary atresia who was presented with chylous ascites after a liver transplant. On the seventh day after surgery, while being fed, chylous ascites was observed. Besides fasting and diuretics, total parenteral nutrition and somatostatin analogue (octreotide) were initiated. Chylous ascites resolved in 3 weeks. Abdominal distention recurred 1 week later; fasting and total parenteral nutrition, combined with octreotide, were administered again for 2 more weeks. Thereafter, enteral feeding was started without any complications.