The effect of disruption of apical constriction on periapical extrusion

Tinaz A., Alacam T., Uzun O., Maden M., Kayaoglu G.

JOURNAL OF ENDODONTICS, vol.31, no.7, pp.533-535, 2005 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/01.don.0000152294.35507.35
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF ENDODONTICS
  • Page Numbers: pp.533-535
  • Keywords: apical extrusion, engin-driven rotary instruments, apical disruption, INSTRUMENTATION TECHNIQUES, SODIUM-HYPOCHLORITE, EXTRUDED DEBRIS, DENTIN CHIPS, IN-VITRO, 2 HAND, TISSUE, PATENCY, TEETH, IRRIGANTS


The aim of this study was to compare the amount of apical extrusion during manual instrumentation and engine-driven rotary instrumentation in teeth with disrupted apical constriction. Fifty-two teeth were divided into two groups comprising 26 teeth each. Teeth in each group were further divided into two sub-groups, the apices of which were enlarged approximately to a diameter of 0.2 mm and 0.4 mm. One group was instrumented using standardized technique with K-files and the other with ProFile .04 Taper Series 29, while irrigating with sodium hypochlorite. Glass vial model was modified for collection of extruded debris and irrigant as well as to integrate an electronic apex locator to the experimental assemble. The statistical analysis using Student's t test revealed no significant difference between instrumentation with K-files and ProFile .04 taper files (p > 0.05). There was a tendency with both techniques to extrude apically more material as the diameter of the apical patency increased.