Biomodulation of an implant for enhanced bone-implant anchorage


Raina D. B. , Larsson D., Sezgin E. A. , Isaksson H., Tagil M., Lidgren L.

ACTA BIOMATERIALIA, cilt.96, ss.619-630, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 96
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.actbio.2019.07.009
  • Dergi Adı: ACTA BIOMATERIALIA
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.619-630

Özet

Aseptic loosening of implants is the major cause for revision surgery. By modulating the bone-implant interface, early bone-implant anchorage could be improved. Implant surface manipulation by the addition of osteopromotive molecules locally and systemically to promote implant integration has been described with limited success. This study describes a novel approach by making the implant capable of biologically modulating its surroundings. It was hypothesized that the early implant fixation would improve by filling the interior of the implant with a carrier providing spatio-temporal release of bone active drugs with known osteogenic effect. The implant consisted of a threaded polyether ether ketone (PEEK) hollow chamber with holes at the bottom. The implant was filled with a calcium sulphate (CaS)/hydroxyapatite (HA) carrier, delivering two bone active molecules; zoledronic acid (ZA) and bone morphogenic protein-2 (BMP-2). At first, a rat abdominal muscle pouch model indicated a sustained in-vivo release of both I-125-rhBMP-2 (57%) and C-14-ZA (22%) from the CaS/HA carrier over a period of 4-weeks. The biomodulated implant was then inserted in the proximal tibia in rats with the following experimental groups: G1) Empty implant, G2) Implant + CaS/HA, G3) Implant + CaS/HA + ZA and G4) Implant + CaS/HA + ZA + rhBMP-2. Significantly higher bone volume (BV) was seen around the implant in groups G3 (3.3 +/- 0.7 mm(3)) and G4 (3.1 +/- 0.7 mm(3)) compared to the control (1.3 +/- 0.4 mm(3)) using micro-computed tomography and qualitative histology. Group G3, also exhibited significantly higher pull-out force and absorbed energy when compared to the control group G1. These findings indicate that a low dose of ZA alone, released in a controlled manner from within a fenestrated implant is enough to improve implant anchorage without the need of adding rhBMP-2. This simple method of using a fenestrated implant containing a ceramic carrier releasing bone active molecules improved bone anchorage and could clinically reduce prosthetic failure.