The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of cyclic loading on the bond strength of fiber posts and short fiber-reinforced composite (FRC) to root canal. One hundred single-rooted teeth were divided into two groups according to the material used for luting fiber posts: (1) Resin-core material (Gradia Core, GC Corp.) and (2) Short FRC (EverX Posterior, GC Corp.). Then the specimens were randomly assigned into three sub-groups according to the post material and the groups are indicated as follows: (1) Short FRC (EverX Posterior) used instead of post and core, (2) Fiber post (GC post, GC Corp.) cemented with resincore (Gradia Core), (3) Fiber post (GC post, GC Corp.) cemented with short FRC (EverX Posterior), (4) Experimental fiber post cemented with resin-core (Gradia Core, GC Corp), (5) Experimental fiber post cemented with short FRC (EverX Posterior). Then the specimens were subdivided into a further two groups in accordance with the storage condition (cyclic loading and 24 h water storage-control group) (n = 10/per group). The micropush-out bond strength between root dentin and posts was measured. Data were analyzed using three-way ANOVA and Tukey HSD tests (a = 0.05). Micropush-out bond strength of the posts to dentin was significantly affected by the type of post material (p < 0.05). However, the load cycling and the resin-based luting agent used had no effect on bond strength values (p = 0.706 and p = 0.346, respectively).