Regulation of Domestic Water in the Framework of Provincial Greater City Municipality Water and Sewerage Administrations


Görer Tamer N.

in: The Regulation of Turkish Network Industries, Muzaffer Eroğlu,Finger Matthias, Editor, Springer, London/Berlin , Zürich, pp.153-175, 2021

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Vocational Book
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Publisher: Springer, London/Berlin 
  • City: Zürich
  • Page Numbers: pp.153-175
  • Editors: Muzaffer Eroğlu,Finger Matthias, Editor
  • Gazi University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The development and expansion of water infrastructure has been a fundamental requirement of urbanisation since the mid-19th century. As urban areas have grown, the protection of water resources, the collection and treatment of wastewater and rainwater from urban areas have become as significant services as the potable water supply.

Urban water as a public service provided by the municipality in Turkey, indeed by the 1980's implementation of the neoliberal policies, became commodification and the preconditions for the credits obtained from international financial organizations and technical assistance, led to structural changes in water management at central and local level.

In this article, the structural change in water management is discussed process of the integration of the national economy with global capital between 1980 and 2000, and of local economies becoming integrated with global capital after 2000. In 1981 the first arrangement was made for the commercialization of water services with the Water and Canal Administration, the model prerequisite of the World Bank infrastructure loan for the metropolitan city of Istanbul. In 1986, SKİs were founded under all metropolitan municipalities as organisations with an independent budget and public legal entity. After 2000, with the adoption of the EU Water Framework Directive, new institutional arrangements were made, watershed management and provincial water management was established, and the commodification of water and the environment continued under environmental legislation.Today SKIs, are strong actor of water management which provide rural and urban water services in the 30 provinces. However, after the rescaling made by overlapping the metropolitan boundaries with the provincial boundaries, the operational efficiency of SKIs and the affordability of water service by user was opened to discussion.