DESIGN: IMPACTS OF BLEACHING CHEMICALS AND VARNISHES ON THE AMOUNT OF CARBON DIOXIDE IN THE COMBUSTION OF ORIENTAL BEECH (FAGUS ORIENTALIS LIPSKY)


Yalinkilic A. C. , Aksoy E., ATAR M. , ÇINAR H. , KESKİN H.

WOOD RESEARCH, vol.66, no.3, pp.379-390, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 66 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.37763/wr.1336-4561/66.3.379390
  • Title of Journal : WOOD RESEARCH
  • Page Numbers: pp.379-390

Abstract

This study was carried out to determine the effects of bleaching chemicals and varnishes on the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the combustion of oriental beech (Fagus orientalis Lipsky). For this purpose, samples of Oriental beech prepared according to ASTM D 358 contain 18% R-1 = (NaOH + H2O2), R-2 = (NaOH + Ca(OH)(2) + H2O2), R-3 = (Na2S2O5 + H2C2O4), R-4 = ( NaSiO3 + H2O2), R-5 = (KMnO4 + Na2S2O5 + H2O2) solution groups, after bleaching with solution groups, water based, synthetic, polyurethane and acrylic varnish were applied according to ASTM D 3023 and combustion tests were carried out in accordance with ASTM E 160-50. Gas measurements were made with the SIGMA 74172 NSU flue gas device during the combustion process. As a result, in respect to the burning types; the highest amount of CO2 (ppm) was found in the self-combustion (8.468 ppm) while the lowest was obtained from the flame combustion source (4.599 ppm). In respect to the types of bleaching; the highest in R-5 (7.458 ppm) and the lowest in R-3 (4.059 ppm) were found. According to the varnish types; the highest value was found in the synthetic varnish (8.261), and the lowest value was found in the acrylic varnish (4.772 ppm). According to combustion type + bleaching solution + varnish type interaction, the highest values were found for without flame combustion (II) + R-3 + Sn (18.40 ppm) and lowest for flame source combustion (I) + R-5 + Pu (0.600 ppm). Consequently, the highest values for combustion gases were found in samples of oriental beech wood samples treated with water-based varnish with R-1 solution. According to this, in terms of human health and life safety, possibility of fire in places, R-3 solution and acrylic varnish may be used in the related industries.